Information for Graduates of Non-Accredited Schools
Updated January 21, 2016
The following information is for NAVLE candidates who are graduates of or students enrolled in veterinary schools not accredited by the Council on Education of the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA). For a list of AVMA-accredited schools, please consult the AVMA website.
There are two certification programs for graduates of non-accredited veterinary schools: the Educational Commission for Foreign Veterinary Graduates (ECFVG), and the Program for the Assessment of Veterinary Education Equivalence (PAVE).
The Educational Commission for Foreign Veterinary Graduates (ECFVG) program is a certification program for graduates of non-accredited veterinary schools operated by the American Veterinary Medical Association. All licensing boards accept ECFVG certificates for candidates seeking licensure.
The ECFVG program consists of four steps. The first step is application and credentials verification, which requires the applicant to demonstrate that they are a graduate of a recognized (but not AVMA-accredited) school of veterinary medicine. The second step requires demonstration of English proficiency. The third step is passing the ECFVG's Basic and Clinical Sciences Examination (BCSE), and the fourth step is passing a clinical skills examination.
Beginning with the November-December 2007 NAVLE administration, ECFVG candidates must pass the ECFVG's step 3 examination before they can be approved by a licensing board to take the NAVLE.
For more information on the ECFVG program, contact:
Educational Commission for Foreign Veterinary Graduates
American Veterinary Medical Association
1931 N. Meacham Rd., Suite 100
Schaumburg, IL 60173-4360
Telephone: 847-925-8070, extension 6778 or 6682
Web site: https://www.avma.org/professionaldevelopment/education/foreign/pages/ecfvg-about-us.aspx
The Program for the Assessment of Veterinary Education Equivalence (PAVE) is a certification program for graduates of non-accredited veterinary schools operated by the American Association of Veterinary State Boards (AAVSB). About 40 licensing jurisdictions presently accept PAVE certificates in addition to ECFVG certificates.
PAVE, like ECFVG, has four steps. Step 1 is application and credentials review, and step 2 is demonstration of English proficiency. PAVE step 3 requires candidates to pass a basic science examination. PAVE step 4 requires candidates to demonstrate clinical proficiency.
Beginning with the November-December 2007 NAVLE administration, PAVE candidates must pass the PAVE step 3 examination before they can be approved by a licensing board to take the NAVLE.
For more information on the PAVE program, contact:
American Association of Veterinary State Boards
380 W. 22nd. St., Suite 101
Kansas City, MO 64108
Telephone: 816-931-1504 or 877-698-8482, extension 222
Web site: http://www.aavsb.org
Canada has its own certification requirements for international veterinary graduates. Contact the National Examining Board in Ottawa for more information.
Foreign Veterinary Graduates and the NAVLE
Individual licensing boards are responsible for determining the eligibility of candidates to sit for the NAVLE. As noted above, beginning with the 2007-2008 NAVLE administrations, ECFVG and PAVE candidates must have completed the Step 3 examination requirement of the respective program before they can be approved by a licensing board to take the NAVLE.
All licensure candidates, whether they are graduates of accredited or non-accredited schools, must pass the NAVLE in order to be licensed to practice veterinary medicine by any licensing board in North America.